Ever notice uneven skin tone on your face and wonder what it was? Hyperpigmentation is that patches of skin are usually darker than the surrounding areas of skin. It occurs when the skin produces excess melanin, the pigment that gives skin its colour. Hyperpigmentation is very common on skin of colour, as darker skin tones already have a higher melanin content that can occur in small patches, cover large areas of the skin or affect the entire body.
There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the common ones being melasma, sunspots, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.
Melasma is believed to be caused by hormonal changes and may develop during pregnancy. Areas of hyperpigmentation can appear on any area of the body, but they appear most commonly on the stomach and face.
Also known as liver spots are related to excess sun exposure over time. Generally, they appear as spots on areas exposed to the sun, like the hands and face.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH)
This is a result of injury or inflammation to the skin. As we all know it is a big NO to pick on your acne and your face given certain acne leaves scars and discoloration to the skin known as PIH.
Hyperpigmentation can be treated with over-the-counter topical medications such as retinoids,azelaic acid, kojic acid, salicylic acid, and vitamin C as they are known to balance the pH value in our skin. We also recommend individuals to prevent hyperpigmentation by always using SPF, and washing your face especially after sports as you will be sweaty. Don’t forget to grab our Toner Balance as the best way to achieve even skin tone the natural way and tackle hyperpigmentation together :